Facts and Figures about Pakistan

Pakistan has the world's sixth largest population, more than Russia, but less than Brazil; because of Pakistan's high growth rate, it is expected to overtake Brazil in population in the year 2020. According to the Population Reference Bureau (PRB) ''2005 World Data Sheet'' the population of Pakistan was 162,400,000 on July 1st, 2005. The fertility rate was 34 per thousand and death rate was 10 per thousand. The rate of natural increase was 2.4%. Pakistan also had high infant mortality rate of 85 per thousand births. Pakistan's population is estimated to be around 166,300,000 in 2006.

Official Name
Islamic Republic of Pakistan


First-Level Political Divisions

Four provinces, two federally administered areas (FATA), and the Federal Capital Territory of Islamabad

796,095 sq km(307,374 sq mi)

159,108,000 (2007 estimate)

Population Growth Rate
2.1 percent (2005) - reduced from 2.4(2000)

Population Density
189 persons per sq km (2003 estimate)

Linguistic and Ethnic groups

Punjabi-48 % , Pashtun-13% , Sindhi-12% . Saraiki-10% , Urdu-8% , Other-9%


Urdu (official), English (commonly used), Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, Saraiki

Religious Affiliations

Sunni Muslim-77% , Shia Muslim-20% , Others-3%

Gross Domestic Product
(GDP) - Billion US $
128.8 (2006) - increased from 73.3 (2000)

GDP Per Capita (U.S.$)

Monetary Unit
1 Pakistani rupee (PRe), consisting of 100 paisa, Exchange Rate = Approx Rs. 60 / US $

Major Trade Partners for Exports

United States, United Kingdom, United Arab Emirates, Hong Kong SAR, and Germany, China, Saudi Arabia, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore


Main telephone lines: 5 million, mobile cellular: over 48 million Radio Stations (AM:27 FM: over 10 and increasing), Internet users: over 2 million

Mobile Phone users increased from 24.3 users per 1000 (2000) to 115.9 per 1000 in 2005.

Access to internet increased from 2.2/1000 (2000) to 67.4/1000 in 2004

Stat Division - GOP
Ministry of Finance
Pakistan Development Gateway
Pakistan Water Resources
Population Census Organization

Life Expectancy (in Years)
Female = 63.1 , Male = 61.3
Total = 62.2 (2003 estimate)

Infant Mortality Rate
79 deaths per 1,000 live births (2005) - reduced from 85/1000 (2000)

Population per Physician
2,703 people

Literacy Rate
45.7 percent


Sugarcane, wheat, rice, cotton lint, corn, livestock - Agriculture land increased from 35% of total surface (2000) to 35.1% (2005)


Petroleum, limestone, rock salt, gypsum, silica sand, natural gas, coal


Textiles, food products, petroleum products, consumer goods, fertilizers, chemicals, cement

Major Exports

Cotton clothing, thread, and textiles; raw cotton and rice; petroleum, leather, and fish products - $15.07 billion (2004 est.)

Major Imports

Machinery, electrical goods, petroleum products, transportation equipment, metals and metal products, fertilizer, foodstuffs - $14.01 billion (2004 est)


Total area under forest reduced from 21,160 sqkm (2000) to 19,020 sqkm (2005)

This page was created on 1 January 2005 / 22 October 2007

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