Facts and Figures about Pakistan

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان‎), is a South Asian country. it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometers (340,509 square miles). Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the far northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman. Pakistan is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 204,296,785 people (2019). Pakistan has the sixth-largest standing armed forces in the world and is also a nuclear power as well as a declared nuclear-weapons state, the second in South Asia and the only nation in the Muslim world to have that status.

Official Name
Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Capital
Islamabad

First-Level Political Divisions

Four provinces, two federally administered areas (FATA), and the Federal Capital Territory of Islamabad


Area
881,913 square kilometers (340,509 square miles)

Population
204,296,785 (2019)

Population Growth Rate
1.45% (2016) - reduced from 2.4(2000)

Population Density
231.99/km˛

Linguistic and Ethnic groups

Punjabi- 48 % , Pashtun-13% , Sindhi-12% . Saraiki-10% , Urdu-8% , Other-9%


Languages

Urdu (official), English (commonly used), Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, Saraiki


Religious Affiliations

Muslims: Sunni - 77% , Shia - 20% , Others-3%

Gross Domestic Product
(GDP) - Billion US $
$ 946,667 (PPP)

GDP Per Capita (U.S.$)
$ 1,561

Monetary Unit
1 Pakistani rupee (PRe), consisting of 100 paisa, Exchange Rate = Approx Rs. 68 / US $

Major Trade Partners for Exports

United States, United Kingdom, United Arab Emirates, Hong Kong SAR, and Germany, China, Saudi Arabia, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore


Communications

Main telephone lines: 5 million, mobile cellular: over 800 million Radio Stations (AM:27 FM: over 10 and increasing), Internet users: over 2 million

Access to internet increased from 2.2/1000 (2000) to 67.4/1000 in 2004


RELATED SITES ON STATISTICS (GOP)
Stat Division - GOP
Ministry of Finance
Pakistan Development Gateway
Pakistan Water Resources
Population Census Organization

Life Expectancy (in Years)
 Female = 67.4 , Male =65.7, Total=66.5, World bank-133

Infant Mortality Rate
 52.10

Crude Rates
 27.1 (births per thosuand population) - 2018 Estimates

Medical Support
 1 nurse for every 3,700 people - .6 beds per 1,000 individuals approximately

Literacy Rate
Total ~58 % - male literacy ~70.2% - female literacys 46.3%

Agriculture

Sugarcane, wheat, rice, cotton lint, corn, livestock - Agriculture land increased from 35% of total surface (2000) to 35.1% (2005)


Mining

Petroleum, limestone, rock salt, gypsum, silica sand, natural gas, coal


Manufacturing

Textiles, food products, petroleum products, consumer goods, fertilizers, chemicals, cement


Major Exports

Cotton clothing, thread, and textiles; raw cotton and rice; petroleum, leather, and fish products - $15.07 billion (2004 est.)


Major Imports

Machinery, electrical goods, petroleum products, transportation equipment, metals and metal products, fertilizer, foodstuffs - $14.01 billion (2004 est)

 
Forest

5.2 % of Total Area



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